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鐜袱娴锋咕鍖衡€斺€旂紭璧蜂笌鍩虹鎬у垎鏋?/span>

寮犲疂涔?/span>

锛堝ぉ娲ョぞ绉戦櫌绀句細瀛︾爺绌舵墍鐮旂┒鍛樸€佹墍闀匡級

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鐜袱娴锋咕鍖衡€斺€旂紭璧蜂笌鍩虹鎬у垎鏋?/strong>

寮犲疂涔?/strong>

锛堝ぉ娲ョぞ绉戦櫌绀句細瀛︾爺绌舵墍鐮旂┒鍛樸€佹墍闀匡級

  

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鏋佸寲杩樻槸鍧囪 锛熼噸濉戝ぇ鍥藉煄甯傚寲鎴樼暐鏍煎眬

瀛欐枌鏍?/span>

锛堝崕涓滃笀鑼冨ぇ瀛﹀煄甯備笌鍖哄煙绉戝瀛﹂櫌鏁欐巿銆佸厷濮斾功璁帮級

瀛欐枌鏍嬫暀鎺堢殑鎶ュ憡浠庡叏鐞冨眰闈㈣秴澶у煄甯傚紩鍏ユ敞鐩殑鍙戝睍寮€濮嬶紝寮曞嚭瀵逛簬鍩庡競鏍煎眬鐨勬€濊€冿紝骞剁潃鐪间簬鎴戝浗鍩庡競鍖栧彂灞曟牸灞€鐨勬垬鐣ラ€夋嫨锛屾寚鍑烘湭鏉ュ繀鐒堕渶瑕佸悎鐞嗛珮鏁堢殑鍩庡競浣撶郴鏉ュ簲瀵圭幇鏈夌殑鍩庝埂鍒嗗壊銆佸尯鍩熷樊寮傜瓑涓昏闂銆傞€氳繃鈥?/span>Zipf娉曞垯鈥濆涓栫晫鑼冨洿鍐?/span>128涓浗瀹剁殑浜哄彛鍜屽彂灞曟暟鎹繘琛岀爺绌讹紝鎺㈣鍩庡競瑙勬ā鍒嗗竷涓庣粡娴庣哗鏁堢殑鍏崇郴锛屽苟寰楀嚭鍥藉鍩庡競瑙勬ā瓒婃帴杩?/span>Zipf娉曞垯瑙勫緥鍥藉缁忔祹缁╂晥瓒婂己鐨勫垽鏂紝鍩庡競鏍煎眬杩囦簬绉仛鎴栧垎鏁o紝瀵瑰悇绫诲煄甯傞兘鏈変笉鍚岀▼搴︾殑璐熼潰褰卞搷锛岄毦浠ュ疄鐜板浗瀹剁粡娴庣哗鏁堢殑鏈€浼樺寲锛屼腑鍥藉ぇ涓皬鍩庡競鐨勫彂灞曞簲褰撳疄鐜版洿鍧囪 鐨勫彂灞曘€?/span>



鏂版椂浠d腑鍥藉煄甯傜殑鈥滆竟缂樺寲鈥濈┖闂达細鏈哄埗涓庡簲瀵?/span>

鏉庡織鍒?/span>

锛堟姹夊ぇ瀛﹀煄甯傝璁″闄㈡暀鎺堛€侀櫌闀匡級

鏉庡織鍒氭暀鎺堥拡瀵瑰綋鍓嶆垜鍥藉彂灞曚笉骞宠 渚濈劧绐佸嚭鐨勯棶棰橈紝鍦ㄧ畝鏋愨€滆竟缂樺寲鈥濈┖闂寸浉鍏虫蹇点€佺壒寰佷笌鏈哄埗鐨勫熀纭€涓婏紝鐫€閲嶈璁轰簡6绫昏竟缂樺寲绌洪棿锛屽嵆鍖哄煙涓嶅钩琛″彂灞曚笅鐨勨€滆竟缂樺寲鈥濈┖闂淬€佸煄甯傚昂搴︾殑鈥滆竟缂樺寲鈥濈┖闂淬€佸煄甯傞儕鍖虹殑鈥滆竟缂樺寲鈥濈┖闂淬€佸煄甯傛不鐞嗕腑鐨勮竟缂樺寲绌洪棿銆佸簳灞傚啘姘戝伐鐨勨€滆竟缂樺寲鈥濈┖闂翠互鍙婄敓鎬佺鎺т笅鐨勨€滆竟缂樺寲鈥濈┖闂淬€傚苟鎻愬嚭閫氳繃鐮磋В琛屾斂鍖洪殧鍜屾潯鍧楀垎鍓层€佷紭鍖栬祫婧愰厤缃拰浜ゆ槗鏈哄埗銆佸姞寮鸿绱犳祦鍔ㄥ拰寤虹珛鍚堜綔鏈哄埗浠ュ強鏀垮簻涓诲姩浣滀负绛変緵缁欎晶鏀归潻鏉ヨ揪鍒扳€滃幓杈圭紭鍖栤€濈殑鐩殑锛屽疄鐜颁粠灏忓悍鍒板ぇ鍚岀殑鐩爣銆?/span>


閮藉競涓讳箟瑙嗚鐨勫煄闀囧寲杩涚▼

鐜嬩笘绂?/span>

锛堝崕鍗楃悊宸ュぇ瀛﹀缓绛戝闄㈡暀鎺堛€佸壇闄㈤暱锛?/span>

鐜嬩笘绂忔暀鎺堥€氳繃瀵瑰煄甯傚寲鐨勪笉鍚岃В璇诲垏鍏ワ紝鎺㈣浜嗛兘甯備富涔夛紙urbanism锛夊唴娑碉紝鍒嗗埆闃愯堪涓夌璇涓嬬殑閮藉競涓讳箟锛氭簮浜庣敓娲绘柟寮忕殑鍩庡競鎬с€佹寚鍚戠敓娲绘柟寮忕殑鍩庡競瀹炶返浠ュ強闈㈠悜鍩庡競鐨勫煄甯傚鏁欒偛浣撶郴銆傝繘鑰屽洖椤句簡鈥滈€冪鍩庡競鈥濇€濇疆浠ュ強鈥滃煄甯傝儨鍒┾€濆瑷€锛岀洿鑷?/span>Charles Waldheim鎻愬嚭閮藉競涓讳箟鏄煄甯傚寲杩囩▼涓庣粨鏋滅殑缁忛獙銆佺爺绌朵笌骞查銆備粬鎸囧嚭锛屼腑鍥藉煄甯傚寲杩涚▼涓殑閮藉競涓讳箟鍏锋湁鐩稿綋鐨勫鏉傛€э紝鍦ㄥ伐涓氬寲銆佸叏鐞冨寲浠ュ強淇℃伅鍖栫殑缁煎悎浣滅敤涓嬶紝閮藉競涓讳箟浣滀负鍥藉鎴愮啛鐨勪竴绉嶆爣蹇楋紝闇€瑕佸己璋冨煄甯傜殑鏁欒偛浠峰€笺€佸垱鏂颁环鍊煎拰涔℃潙璐d换銆?/span>



瑗挎柟鏂囨槑涓庝腑鍥借鍒掔殑鏈潵

姊侀工骞?/span>

锛堝姞鎷垮ぇ濂崇帇澶у鍩庡競涓庡尯鍩熻鍒掓暀鎺堛€佸師闄㈤暱锛?/span>

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鍦熷湴鍌ㄥ鍒跺害瀵瑰煄闀囧寲璐ㄩ噺鐨勫奖鍝嶆晥搴旂爺绌垛€斺€斿熀浜庘€滃煄甯備汉鐞嗚鈥濈殑瑙嗚

鐜嬪織閿?/span>

锛堜腑澶储缁忓ぇ瀛︾鐞嗙瀛︿笌宸ョ▼瀛﹂櫌鍩庡競涓庢埧鍦颁骇绠$悊绯绘暀鎺堛€佺郴涓讳换锛?/span>

鐜嬪織閿嬫暀鎺堣仛鐒︽垜鍥藉煄闀囧寲楂橀€熷彂灞曡繃绋嬩腑鍦熷湴鍌ㄥ鍒跺害閲嶈鎬х殑璁ㄨ銆傛姤鍛婃杩颁簡鎴戝浗鍦熷湴鍌ㄥ鍒跺害鍘嗗彶鍙樿縼浠ュ強鍦ㄥ叏鍥姐€佸尯鍩熷眰闈㈢殑鐘跺喌锛屽苟浠庡煄闀囧寲璐ㄩ噺鐨勬牳蹇冣€滀互浜轰负鏈€濆嚭鍙戯紝鍩轰簬姊侀工骞存暀鎺堟彁鍑虹殑鈥滃煄甯備汉鐞嗚鈥濓紝浠庝汉鐨勭悊鎬у拰鐗╂€ч渶姹備袱涓搴﹂€夋嫨鏋勫缓浜嗚〃寰佸煄闀囧寲璐ㄩ噺鐨?/span>21涓寚鏍囥€傚熀浜?/span>27涓煄甯傚煄闀囧寲璐ㄩ噺鏂归潰鐨勬暟鎹紝鍙堝缓妯″垎鏋愬湡鍦板偍澶囧埗搴﹀鍩庨晣鍖栬川閲忓奖鍝嶇殑浼犲鏈哄埗銆傜粨璁鸿〃鏄庯紝鍦熷湴鍌ㄥ鏈烘瀯涓诲鐨勫湡鍦板偍澶囧埗搴︿績杩涗簡鍩庨晣鍖栬川閲忕殑鎻愬崌锛屼笉鍚岃鏀跨瓑绾у煄甯傜殑鍦熷湴鍌ㄥ鍒跺害瀵瑰煄闀囧寲璐ㄩ噺鐨勫奖鍝嶇▼搴︿笉鍚屻€?/span>


绀句細璧勬湰褰卞搷涓嬬殑鍖椾含琛楀尯鏇存柊鈥斺€斿啀鎺互浜烘皯涓轰腑蹇?/span>

鍞愮嚂

锛堟竻鍗庡ぇ瀛﹀缓绛戝闄㈠煄甯傝鍒掔郴鍓暀鎺堬級

鍞愮嚂鍓暀鎺堢殑鎶ュ憡鍛煎簲浜嗗綋涓嬪潥鎸佷互浜烘皯涓轰腑蹇冪殑鍙戝睍鎬濇兂锛岀潃閲嶅垎鏋愬寳浜煄甯傛洿鏂扮殑鍒跺害寤鸿鍙婂疄璺垫儏鍐点€傚寳浜煄甯傛洿鏂扮殑鍒跺害寤鸿浠ヨ鍖烘洿鏂般€佽矗浠昏鍒掑笀鍒跺害浠ュ強椤圭洰甯﹀姩涓虹壒寰侊紝瑙勫垝浠ュ強瑙勫垝甯堥兘闈复鐫€瑙掕壊韬唤涓庤鐭ユ€濈淮鐨勮浆鍨嬨€傞€氳繃鍏蜂綋鐨勮鍖烘洿鏂板疄璺垫渚嬪睍绀轰簡绀句細璧勬湰鍔涢噺鍦ㄨ€佹棫灏忓尯鍙備笌寮忓井鏇存柊涓殑鎺ㄥ姩浣滅敤銆佸浣曞寮虹ぞ鍖虹殑绀句細璧勬湰璁╃ぞ鍖烘洿鏂伴」鐩洿濂藉湴婊¤冻灞呮皯鐨勫疄闄呰瘔姹傘€傚苟浠庢柟寮忔紨杩涖€佷綔鐢ㄩ€斿緞銆佽鍔ㄨ浆鎹€佹満鍒跺缓璁剧瓑鏂归潰鎻愬嚭浠庤鍒掕璁″悜绠$悊杩愪綔鐨勫欢浼弄€?/span>



闈㈠悜瀹炶返鐨勫煄甯傚寘瀹规€т綋鑲茬┖闂翠紭鍖?/span>

鑳¤幑

锛堣嫃宸炵鎶€澶у寤虹瓚涓庡煄甯傝鍒掑闄㈠壇鏁欐巿銆佸壇闄㈤暱锛?/span>

鑳¤幑鍓暀鎺堝湪绯荤粺姊崇悊鎴戝浗浣撹偛鏀跨瓥涓庡煄甯備綋鑲茬┖闂村舰鎬佹紨杩涖€佷綋鑲茶鏂借祫婧愬闀挎儏鍐电殑鍩虹涓婂紩鍏モ€滃寘瀹规€т綋鑲测€濄€佲€滃寘瀹规€т綋鑲茬┖闂粹€濈殑姒傚康锛屼粠浣撹偛鍏钩瑙掑害缁撳悎瀵瑰箍宸炪€佽嫃宸炪€佹澀宸炵瓑鍩庡競浣撹偛绌洪棿鐨勭幇鐘惰皟鏌ワ紝褰掔撼鍒嗘瀽浜嗗綋涓嬪煄甯傚叕鍏变綋鑲茬┖闂村湪渚涚粰涓庤鍒掍腑瀛樺湪鐨勬帓鏂ユ€ч棶棰樼被鍨嬨€傚苟鍩轰簬浼犵粺浣撹偛绌洪棿瑙勫垝妯″紡涓庡寘瀹规€т綋鑲茬┖闂磋鍒掓ā寮忕殑姣旇緝锛屾帰璁ㄥ寘瀹规€т綋鑲茶鏂借鍒掔紪鍒剁殑褰卞搷鍥犵礌銆佸寘瀹规€т綋鑲茬┖闂寸殑瑙勫垝瀹炶返鍥板锛屾渶鍚庨拡瀵规€у湴鎻愬嚭鍖呭鎬т綋鑲茬┖闂寸殑瑙勫垝搴斿涓炬帾銆?/span>


鍩庡競鍩烘湰鍏叡鏈嶅姟渚涚粰鐨勫樊寮傛€ф満鍒剁爺绌?/span>

榛勬€?/span>

锛堝悓娴庡ぇ瀛﹀缓绛戜笌鍩庝埂瑙勫垝瀛﹂櫌鏁欐巿銆佸煄闀囧寲鍩庡競浜虹爺绌跺涓讳换锛?/span>

榛勬€℃暀鎺堜粠鏂版椂浠f垜鍥界ぞ浼氫富瑕佺煕鐩惧嚭鍙戯紝棣栧厛闃愭槑浜嗗煄甯傚熀鏈叕鍏辨湇鍔″強鍏跺埗搴︿綋绯荤殑姒傚康涓庢斂绛栧唴瀹癸紝骞惰繘涓€姝ユ槑纭煄甯傚熀鏈叕鍏辨湇鍔′緵缁欑殑瑙勫垝娑典箟锛屽嵆浠庡師鏈夌殑鐢ㄥ湴瑙勫垝銆佽鏂戒笓椤硅鍒掕浆鍚戝吋椤剧敤鍦般€佽鏂姐€佷緵缁欎綋鍒剁殑绯荤粺瑙勫垝銆傚湪鏁翠綋姊崇悊鍩庡競鍩烘湰鍏叡鏈嶅姟渚涚粰鐮旂┒棰嗗煙鐜扮姸鐨勫熀纭€涓婏紝鐫€閲嶉槓鏋愪簡鍦ㄥお鍘熷競浠ヤ汉涓烘湰鐨勫熀鏈叕鍏辨湇鍔′綋绯荤爺绌堕」鐩疄璺典腑鐨勯儴鍒嗘帰绱笌鎬濊€冿紝鎺㈣浜嗗煄甯傚熀鏈叕鍏辨湇鍔′緵缁欎腑涓€浜涚嫭鐗硅€岄噸瑕佺殑褰卞搷鍥犵礌锛屽苟鎻愪緵浜嗗煄甯傚熀鏈叕鍏辨湇鍔′緵缁欏樊寮傛€ф満鍒剁殑鍩烘湰鍒嗘瀽妗嗘灦銆?/span>



闈㈠悜鍙寔缁ぞ鍖虹殑鍩庡競鍏叡璧勬簮绌洪棿閰嶇疆瀹氶噺鍖栫爺绌?/span>

鍚濇稕

锛堜腑鍥界瀛﹂櫌鍩庡競鐜鐮旂┒鎵€鐢熸€佺幆澧冭鍒掍笌绠$悊鐮旂┒涓績鐮旂┒鍛樸€佸壇涓讳换锛?/span>

鍚濇稕鐮旂┒鍛樼殑鎶ュ憡棣栧厛鏄熀浜庡煄甯傚昂搴?/span>POI鐨勫煄甯備綇鍖哄叕鍏辨湇鍔″彲杈炬€ц瘎浼扮爺绌讹紝浠ュ帵闂ㄥ競涓轰緥锛岄€氳繃鐧惧害鍜岄珮寰峰湴鍥炬贩鍚?/span>POI鏁版嵁锛屽湪绌洪棿缁村害鏋勫缓浜嗗熀浜庡煄甯傚昂搴?/span>POI鐨勫煄甯備綇鍖哄叕鍏辨湇鍔″彲杈炬€у鍚堣瘎浼版ā鍨嬨€傛帴鐫€鏄熀浜庝汉缇ら渶姹傜殑鍩庡競浣忓尯鍏叡鏈嶅姟鍙揪鎬ц瘎浼扮爺绌讹紝寤虹珛浜嗗熀浜庝笉鍚屼汉缇ら渶姹傘€佷富瀹㈣铻嶅悎鐨勫煄甯備綇鍖哄叕鍏辨湇鍔″彲杈炬€у鍚堣瘎浼版柟娉曪紝骞跺鍘﹂棬浣忓尯鍏叡鏈嶅姟鏁翠綋渚涢渶鍖归厤鎯呭喌杩涜璇勪及鍜岃В閲娿€傛渶鍚庢槸鍩轰簬鐢ㄥ湴鍔熻兘鍙樺寲鐨勫煄甯備綇鍖哄叕鍏辨湇鍔″彲杈炬€у姩鎬佽瘎浼扮爺绌讹紝鍒嗘瀽浜嗗帵闂ㄥ競鍚勭被鍏叡鏈嶅姟绌洪棿鍙揪鎬х殑鏃剁┖婕斿彉鏈哄埗銆?/span>



闃冲厜路鍩庡競路浜衡€斺€旀棩鐓х幆澧冨弸濂藉瀷楂樺眰楂樺瘑搴﹀眳浣忓湴娈电敤鍦板竷灞€鎺㈣

寮犳椽鎭?/span>

锛堥潚宀涚悊宸ュぇ瀛﹀缓绛戜笌鍩庝埂瑙勫垝瀛﹂櫌鍩庡競瑙勫垝绯诲壇鏁欐巿銆佸壇绯讳富浠伙級

寮犳椽鎭╁壇鏁欐巿棣栧厛鍒嗘瀽浜嗘棩鐓х幆澧冧笌浜虹被鍋ュ悍鐨勫瘑鍒囩浉鍏虫€т互鍙婃垜鍥介珮灞傞珮瀵嗗害鍩庡競浣忓尯鏃ョ収鐜鐭涚浘绐佸嚭鐨勭幇鐘讹紝鎸囧嚭鐩墠鎴戝浗鍩庡競鏃ョ収绠℃帶鏂规硶缂哄け鐨勭幇瀹為棶棰橈紱骞惰缁嗛槓閲婃帶瑙勯樁娈电殑绠℃帶缂轰綅閫犳垚淇闃舵鏃ョ収鐜鐭涚浘鐨勫悇绫诲叿浣撴儏褰紝渚嬪鍦板潡瑙勬ā銆佸湴鍧楀缓璁炬椂搴忕殑褰卞搷绛夈€傚湪姝ゅ熀纭€涓婂缓绔嬪熀浜庢棩鐓х幆澧冪害鏉熺殑鎺ц缂栧埗鏂规硶涓庤繃绋嬶紝鍖呮嫭鏃ョ収鐜鍙嬪ソ鍨嬮珮灞傞珮瀵嗗害灞呬綇鍦版鐢ㄥ湴甯冨眬鐨勫師鍒欎笌妯″紡銆傛渶鍚庨€氳繃闈掑矝甯傛棩鐓х幆澧冨弸濂藉瀷灞呬綇鍦版鐢ㄥ湴甯冨眬瀹炰緥杩涜婕旂ず锛屾彁鍑轰簡浠ョ粍鍥㈠叕鍏辨湇鍔″湴鍧椾负涓績鐨勬棩鐓х幆澧冨叡鍚屼綋姒傚康涓庢柟娉曘€?/span>


楂樺瘑搴﹁鍖洪澹扮幆澧冧笌绌洪棿褰㈡€佹寚鏍囩殑鍏宠仈鎬х爺绌垛€斺€斾互娣辨腐涓轰緥

浣欑

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鍋ュ悍鑸掗€傚煄甯傛皵鍊欑洰鏍囦笅鐨勮鍖鸿鍒掕璁?/span>

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